#header-inner img {margin: 0 auto !important; #header-inner {text-align: Center ;} Fiji Coupfourpointfive: 2009-11-29

Saturday, December 5, 2009

Commonwealth Games head says "sport and politics cannot be separated"

Debate over Fiji's eligibility to participate at the 2010 Commonwealth Games continues.

Only Malaysia was prepared to put a request for Fiji to be included in the Games at the Commonwealth heads of Government meeting in Trinidad.

New Zealand prime minster John Key spoke against the motion, while Papua New Guinea remained silent.

The President of Fiji's Commonwealth Games committee says they will take their grievances to the International Court of Arbitration for Sport.

The head of the Commmonwealth Games Federation spoke to Radio Australia:
http://www.abc.net.au/ra/pacbeat/stories/m1820207.asx

Thursday, December 3, 2009

Lal: Military intent on retaining power

Professor Brij Lal spoke to Green Left Weekly’s Aaron Roden about the character and contradictions of Fiji’s military dictatorship, led by coup leader Frank Bainimarama.


You’ve said the essence of Bainimarama’s 2006 coup is no different to the previous coups in Fiji’s history, even though past coups were largely based on establishing power for the Fijian ethnic majority. What do you mean by this?


Bainimarama justified his 2006 coup as a “clean-up campaign”, not a military coup. Well, it was a military coup that deposed a democratically elected government. And no one has been prosecuted for corruption in the last two years.

I don’t think anyone now seriously believes in this narrative anymore. As time has gone on, it has become increasingly clear that this is a military coup and that the military is intent on retaining its power.

I doubt very much if the military will voluntarily relinquish power to a civilian authority. More likely, we are likely to see a militarised democracy in Fiji where the military will have a visible presence in the governance of the country.

In April, the regime annulled the constitution. Can you comment on the motivations behind this?

The abrogation of the constitution was not surprising. It was observed more in the breach from the day the coup was [carried out] in December 2006. What it has done is to enable the military to do things unfettered by legal niceties, without having to justify its actions and policies in a court of law.

The country is ruled by decree and the most important of the decrees cannot be challenged in a court of law. It gives the interim administration a free hand to do the things it wants.

And there is a public emergency regulation in place that curtails the freedom of the media and the freedom of speech. Dissent is suppressed through censorship and self-censorship.

Is a new constitution likely?


Three years have gone by, but the military has not shown its hand about what kind of a constitution it wants for the country.

A week ago, the interim administration said they would convene a dialogue forum about the future. But political parties and political leaders who do not subscribe to the military’s rendition of events will be excluded, [unlike] selected non-government organisations and community leaders.

Such a restrictive approach is counterproductive and will not fool anyone. It goes to the heart of the legitimacy of the project.

I think it is important for the military to declare its hand and engage in good-faith negotiation with the principal stakeholders about the future. Going it alone unilaterally will not address the fundamental problems of Fiji.

Australian diplomats, as well as yourself, were kicked out of the country recently for “interfering”. Why did the regime do this?


I think most people in Fiji, including in the department of foreign affairs in Fiji, were surprised by the expulsion of the diplomats. Just a week before, Fiji’s diplomatic status in Australia was formalised, so expelling the [Australian] High Commissioner [to Fiji] did not make sense.

I think most people in Fiji know that a few [high-placed] individuals in the interim administration have a vendetta against Australia because of the travel bans that have been imposed upon them, and they are motivated by a sense of revenge and retribution.

I don’t think this situation will last long and that diplomatic relations will be restored. Fiji cannot simply ignore the realities of geography and history.

Is Bainimarama dangerously isolating Fiji?


I think there is a willingness in the international community to engage with Fiji, but there has to be some willingness on the part of the authorities in Fiji to engage in a genuine dialogue.

It is not only Australia and New Zealand that have expressed reservations about what is happening in Fiji. The Pacific Islands Forum, the Commonwealth and the European Union all have done the same.

Blaming the international community will not resolve Fiji’s difficulties. Sadly, the deepening isolation of Fiji is self-inflicted.

Is the dictatorship guilty of human rights abuses?


No one in Fiji would deny that breaches of human rights occur regularly, such as the harassment of sugar cane growers by the military. But there is complete media censorship in Fiji, and the public emergency regulations curtail the freedom of speech and movement.

There is a yawning gap between the regime’s [democratic] rhetoric and the reality on the ground. People must be given an opportunity to engage in a dialogue about the major issues facing Fiji and the way these can be resolved.

The regime’s proposed “People’s Charter” appears to be a progressive initiative, with some noble principles that try to address racial discrimination, such as “one person, one vote”. However, despite its democratic aspirations, it has no democratic mandate. Does it stand a chance, and is Fiji ready for such progress?

The so-called People’s Charter is essentially a plan drawn up by a few hand-picked people, many of whom have no mandate from the groups they purport to represent.

It contains some good things, but you did not have to have a coup to embrace its principles. There is nothing in the charter that is not in the constitution.

The 1997 constitution enshrined the principle of power-sharing among the principal ethnic groups in Fiji. It acknowledged the realities on the ground and the burden of Fiji’s racially divided history.

It was moving in the right direction. You can change the electoral system to anything you like, but the fundamental problem will still have to be addressed, which is respect for the rule of law. Unless you have that, there will be no stability in Fiji whatever electoral system you have.

Wednesday, December 2, 2009

Budget 2010: The Great Cover-up

by Professor Wadan Narsey

This 2010 Budget would have been outrageously scandalous had it been delivered by an elected Minister of Finance, assisted by a Permanent Secretary of Finance appointed normally by the Public Service Commission, and a lawfully appointed Attorney General.

But none of the above persons are lawful appointees. Hence the 2010 Budget Cover-up is doubly scandalous.

Following the April Court of Appeal judgment and the purported abrogation of the 1997 Constitution, this 2010 Budget (in contrast to those delivered in 2007 and 2008 under the legal protection of the Gates, Pathik and Byrne judgment), is now without any shred of doubt, an illegal budget.

This Budget has been delivered by persons who have no lawful, legal or moral authority to take more than a billion dollars in taxes from the people of Fiji and to dispose of these massive sums, as they wish, without any accountability to the tax-payers.

That is what this Military Government continues to do, lining their own pockets, while the rest of the country suffers, and more burdens are passed on to future generations through increases in public debt.

It is scandalous that Bainimarama’s Budget Address and the text in the Budget Supplement, totally ignore the detailed statistical data which hides from the ordinary readers, the real decline of the Fiji economy.

The continuing tragedy is that supposedly decent citizens, like ECREA’s Father Kevin Barr and Chantelle Khan, or CCF’s Yabaki, refuse to see the national disaster that is unfolding before their eyes, as long as their small pet projects (like housing and bus-fares for school children) get some of the tax-payers funds, ignoring even the sad reality, that even these minor funds are unwisely and inefficiently used.

One should no longer be surprised at the continuing support of this military government by businessmen who have got their lollies in this 2010 budget.

Continuing real economic decline

Economists know that the final indicator of a government’s performance is the real growth rate of the economy.

Following the huge drop of 6.6% in 2007, the barely 0% growth in 2008, it is now confirmed that we are looking again at a large 2.5% decline in GDP for 2009.

Over the last three years, the people of Fiji have lost more than $800 million dollars in national income because of the decline in GDP and failure to grow at the pre-2007 rates.
Government has lost more than $200 millions in tax revenues and potential expenditure.

But ECREA’s Father Barr and Chantelle Khan do not see these losses. They are pleased as punch to be supporting this military government which is giving a mere $10 millions of tax-payers’ funds to housing (for the middle classes) and a mere $10 million to bus-fares for children in a disastrously designed scheme.

The economic projection in the last budget of a plus 1.9% growth was an airy-fairy dream. Will it be any different this coming year?

What growth? The FTIB’s Data


Tucked away in the Budget Supplement is a Table 9.1 which shows that from 2006 to 2008, the number of investment applications approved dropped from 441 to 398 to 245.

The value of the investments approved dropped from $1,015 millions to $495 millions to $405 millions.

There is no data on actual investments implemented.

Any first year Economics students would know that if approved investments are declining so drastically, the actual amounts of investments being implemented will be even less. And there is unlikely to be any great growth of GDP, unless local investors miraculously put their money where their mouth is (now is that likely, when the cash cow FNPF is there for the taking?).

In other words, the 2010 Budget expectation of a 5% growth of GDP per year is in cloud cuckoo land- wishful thinking by this Military Government.

The decline of the real economy

It is extraordinary how the 2010 Budget Address does not comment on the horrible trends that are implicit from the data on real production.

There is no mention in the Budget Address by the Military Finance Minister that sugar cane production has steadily declined from 2006 to 2009 by 34 percent, while actual sugar produced has steadily declined by 40% (because of increasing mill inefficiency).

Put together the data in Table 8.1 with the data in Table 8.2, and you will see that between 2006 and 2008, the production of papaya, ginger, cassava, rice, beef and dairy products have all declined.

Indeed, despite all the rhetoric of “import substitution” these two tables show that the shares of local production in total consumption have significantly declined from 2005 to 2008 for rice (37% to 19%), dairy products (32% to 16%) and beef (42% to 39%).

Even tourism, which has received massive boosts in funding for marketing, shows a 2% decline in tourism arrivals between 2006 and 2009.
But of course, this 2010 Budget gives the great rosy growth projections for the future.

Note that agricultural import substitution and export promotion favouring the rural poor, gets a total of $5 millions, while those in tourism who are already in the top 5 percent of Fiji’s population, get a massive grant of $23 millions.

And despite the all-important sugar industry collapsing around us, there is no special attention to the sugar industry (and the cane farmers) who can continue paying 3% export tax. Chaudhry, who supported the 2006 coup, is now out of sight, and out of mind.

For decades, the media personalities and millionaires from tourism have been far more influential on Government Budgets (legal or illegal) than uneducated and illiterate rural farmers.

The real re-allocations

When a budget comes out, ordinary journalists give the usual spiel: “education gets the most” or “duties go up on this”, or “duties go down on this”.

Of course, these detailed changes are important. Yes indeed, why eliminate duties on luxuries (like cosmetics, watches etc) which will not only reduce government revenues, but also worsen our balance of payments? Yes indeed, why remove duties from export of unprocessed timber which will mean even less will be value added locally?

And yes indeed, why remove price controls from essential food items whose price will now be set by monopolies? The businessmen who called the 2010 Budget a “breath of fresh air” were no doubt already feeling the breeze of the extra dollar notes flying into their respective tills.

But the Bainimarama’s budget address did not indicate to the ordinary public how tax-payers’ funds are being re-allocated between different departments and ministries, unless you go into the detailed Budget Estimates for several years. Well, how about the following?

Compared to the allocations for 2006 (approved by the last lawfully elected parliament) and 2009, this Military Government has increased the annual allocation to the Military themselves by $28 millions- a 40% increase. Most of the increase to the military has been to the salaries of military personnel (43% increase) thereby hoping to buy their allegiance for this illegal military government. (Not to mention all the military personnel who have been seconded to other ministries and whose salaries are now part of other ministries’ budgets.)

Over the same period, the increase to Health has been only $11 millions or an increase of 8%, with health personnel receiving a mere extra 3%, barely covering inflation. Tough luck for our doctors and nurses, eh? They can keep migrating.

The public needs to note, that in addition to the $68 millions which was already in 2006 a generous military allocation for a small island in the Pacific (are the Tongan invaders still coming?), this Military Government, over the next ten years, will be spending an extra $280 millions on themselves- about the same as the annual education budget. Which future government will dare to reverse this disastrous changes in the relativities between the salaries of the military personnel and ordinary civil servants like nurses?

Note also that between 2006 and 2009, the Police have been given an increase of $13 millions (or a 20% increase). Is that to reduce crime? Well, first have a look at all the refurbishment going on to police offices and quarters, and the dozens of new Police vehicles zipping around Suva, while the Ministry of Health personnel struggle with their jalopies, and the collapsing ambulance services are out-sourced. Not to mention the large numbers of military and police now guarding the Commander and the Police Commissioner. Guards guarding guards!

Who’s funding all this?


In a period when the economy has not been growing, when total government revenues have not been growing in real terms and will not grow (whatever the rosy projections), where does all this increased expenditure for the military and police come from?

From borrowing of course. For 2010, this Military Government is going to borrow $497 millions domestically, most of which will of course be from our pension fund, the already struggling FNPF, chaired by the illegal Permanent Secretary of Finance himself. How lucky, and transparent and accountable to be the borrower and the lender at the same time! Who cares that the IMF recommends otherwise?

And who will pay for all this?


Not the wealthy in our society- corporate taxes are being reduced. The poor will of course pay an increased amount through the ever-buoyant VAT.

But worst of all, it is the future generations who will pay because the Public Debt is being steadily increased from 50% of GDP in 2007 to 52% in 2009.

And Fiji will face even greater difficulty paying off this debt because the foreign debt component has increased while our export earnings are stagnating.

Government’s Economic Ineptitude

It would be tempting to look at a few little good things in the budget.

But to do so would be to distract attention from the horrible and costly economic ineptitude shown by this Military Government, and their callous disregard from professional advice from civil servants, who everywhere are being questioned by military appointees.

Despite the advice of knowledgeable civil servants, the ignorant powers, on the basis of advice by energetic NGOs with totally deficient knowledge of public policy implications, impetuously decided to pay for bus rides for all students in the country. Common sense would have indicated that only the children who take buses would benefit (not the thousands of the really poor who take carriers or punts); that children who walked or previously went by parents’ cars would line up for the bus fares; that bus companies would make windfall gains (which they did and are now ardent supporters of the military government); and that extremely valuable teachers’ time would be taken up going to banks, making sure they had enough change, and counting it out to each and every student who turned up to claim bus fares.

Take the decision made by The Fiji Development Bank (chaired by the same individual who is the Secretary of Finance and friend of the Military Attorney General) to lend $17 millions to the Fiji Broadcasting Corporation (whose CEO is the brother of the Military Attorney General and rabid supporter of the coup). Will this loan, to set up a television company, be able to repay this loan through profits made from the private sector, when there is already a well-established and struggling Fiji TV and Mai TV?

Of course not. The FBC’s profits will come from Government paying for their propaganda, using tax-payers’ funds, to repay the loan from the FDB, also guaranteed by the tax-payers’ funds. What a lovely wasteful circular movement of tax-money.

Take the decision to retire civil servants at age 55. Who cares that many of these are the experienced people absolutely essential to wise decision-making? In any case, this retirement rule does not apply to the Commander of the RFMF, the Prime Minister, the Finance Minister, the President, other Ministers etc etc who possess rare skills which cannot now be retired, can they?

A Pliant Reserve Bank


It is another tragedy for Fiji that the key institution of the Reserve Bank has become a hand-maiden of the Military Government.

Reserve Banks have historically had the privilege and the responsibility of being independent custodians of the country’s money supply, and being totally independent scrutinizers of the government’s fiscal and monetary policies.

That independence has now been totally compromised by the Military-appointed Governor Sada Reddy, who not only gave total support to the Charter initiative of his friend and once business partner John Samy, but is in total support of any policy and budget being articulated by this Military Government and its appointees.

Did the Military Governor go along with all the unnecessary loosening of the exchange controls, and the reduction of duties on luxury imports? When it is totally unclear whether there will be any major increase in export earnings while the imports will continue to rise?
And no doubt leaned upon by the last IMF visitors, he has also beaten a hasty retreat on his alleged control of the “interest rate spread” of commercial banks: banks will now merely have to “justify” their changes in interest rate policy!

Transparency and accountability


This 2010 Budget again repeats the lies of the Military Government’s Charter that a key objective will be to “strengthen accountability and transparency”. What a laugh.

The Military Finance Minister still refuses to release the most recent Auditor General’s Reports on Government expenditure and over-expenditure by the military. The Regimental Funds, which most of the previous Commanders of the FMF have controlled, will not be audited. Also never to be audited will be the huge amounts that Bainimarama has paid himself and the military personnel over the last three years.

Indeed, no one from the public or the media may even raise any questions at all about what is happening to their tax money and public assets, through any media.

And because of the total censorship, no one knows nor can question what is happening to major public assets and how they are being disposed.

No one knows who are the new lawyers, accountants, auditors and business persons who are now getting the lucrative state contracts. Although one can guess from the TV images of those continuously hovering around the Military Ministers.

And all the “do-gooders”- Mataca, Barr, Arms, Yabaki, Ricketts, Janiffs, Maharajs, Aryas, Moores, Thompsons, etc etc (the list keeps getting longer) do not care at all that this Military Government which they have propped up for three years, is denying the citizens of Fiji, our basic human right of freedom of assembly, information and speech. While destroying our economic future.

One can now better understand how Stalin and Hitler were able to continue their pillage of basic human rights while the rest of society either looked on, or actively gave support. A recent Aljazeera program on Zimbabwe’s Mugabe was too chillingly close to home.

The continuing facade of honour


Such scandalous budgets could not continue, if the ordinary people of Fiji did not continue the facade of honouring this Military Government, its Ministers, and all those who are committing treason against the people of Fiji.

At a recent National Food Summit where I made a presentation (censored from the media) participants and organisers, including WHO consultants and the well-known local MC Yarrow, kept referring to the words of wisdom from the “Honourable” Prime Minister and “Honourable” Minister. Why worry about a little matter of treason?

A prominent golf club, several of whose members (including a Governor of the Reserve Bank) have suffered ignominious unfair dismissal by this Military Government, has a plaque honoring the opening of its new facilities by an “Acting President” appointed by the same Military Government.

While the Great Council of Chiefs refused to elect Nailatikau as Vice President, he accepts appointment by the Military Government, as President. Supported by most of his friends at social clubs, grog gangs, and his Old Boy Network, this Military President calls on the country to “move on” and “put the past behind us”. How convenient.

Some academics write a petition to the “Prime Minister” begging him to allow local and foreign academics their “academic freedom of expression”. Tough luck about the rest of the country who are muzzled.

And the many coup-supporters (local and abroad) keep mouthing the mantra that this Military Government is to be supported because it stands for “racial equality”.

Who cares that all races (including Indo-Fijians) are being impoverished; that public debt is being wastefully increased; that a military machine is being strengthened throughout the civil service, from which there will be no recourse; who cares that scholarships will continue to be awarded on the basis of ethnicity, not need; forget about racial balance in the military; forget about merging Class A and Class B shares in the FHL (too many Ministers and friends have Class A shares?); and please forget about the sugar industry, on which the largest numbers of poor rural Indo-Fijians depend.

Just keep repeating the mantra “racial equality”; and at annual budget times, just keep repeating “this is a pro-poor budget”.

The long-suffering and apathetic Fiji public ought to get used to hearing these mantra for several years (2014? duh!) if not many more years (2020), until “things fall apart”.

Tappoos rewarded in 2010 Budget

We had reported last week that a Tappoos owned company, Britstar Investments Ltd had bought a prime property in Suva from a company owned by interim Attorney-General and Tourism minister Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum and his mother Latifa Khaiyum.

We had stated that this was clearly a conflict of interest and that sources had confirmed that Tappoos had struck a deal with Sayed-Khaiyum for concessions.

This deal has been revealed in the 2010 budget.

While outlining a host of incentives for the Tourism Sector, Frank Bainimarama revealed that tourists will be able to reclaim 12.5% of VAT when leaving Fiji for purchases over $500.

The Chief Executive of Fiji Islands Revenue & Customs Authority Jitoko Tikolevu told media after last Friday's budget that these purchases will have to made from only one outlet at Nadi Airport and Suva wharf.

This move was immediately welcomed by Tappoos boss Kanti Tappoo who told the media that Fiji could now be established as a tourist shopping destination.

Sources say Tappoos will be the exclusive duty free outlet eligible for this concession when it starts in January 2010.

Regime drowning Fiji into debt

The military backed dictatorship regime is drowning Fiji into debt.

An analysis of the recently announced budget reveals that the regime will borrow almost $500 million next year.

This domestic borrowing is likely to be from the Fiji National Provident Fund.

The debt level and a host of other measures were not announced by the regime's dictator Frank Bainimarama when he handed down the 2010 Budget on Friday 27th November.

A scrutiny of the budget also reveals that the Fiji Police Force blew its 2008 budget by more than $10 million in 2008. The Police was allocated a little over $70m but spent more than $80m.

Sources say under the leadership of Esala Teleni, the Police blew its budget because of the Police Crusade and diverting funds towards the activities of the New Methodist Church led by his younger brother Atu Vulaono.

We reported earlier this year that 70 percent of the costs for the hire of buses to transport church members to Sunday worship was being paid for by the Police Force.

Since October this year, Teleni has been ordered by Bainimaramna not to involve the Police in New Methodist Church activities.

Sources say the Police would have busted its budget by a much higher figure because Police Crusade activities had gained intensity.

Uncensored: editor refuses to give up fight

A HAND comes through a hatch in the wall, and each night journalists at The Fiji Times are obliged to deliver the page proofs of the next day's issue to the police censors corralled in a small office on the other side.

"The rules are a blanket edict that we not report anything bad about the Government," says Netani Rika, the Murdoch-owned paper's editor-in-chief.

But up to the point at which the proofs disappear through the hatch, Rika insists the Times will continue to function as a proper news paper.

He covers all issues, dispatching reporters daily to write what he believes should be reported. But he estimates that since the start of a crackdown on the media in April by the Bainimarama regime, more than 4000 Times reports have been blocked in the nightly carve-up.

Some evenings six uniformed censors present for duty, arriving between 7pm and 8pm.

"They say we can't report the details of a problem, but we can report the minister's response," Rika says. Rather than adopt the regime's insistence on what it calls "the journalism of hope", he has made the Times a politics-free zone. "We made a stand at the start - when it comes to politics, we must be able to report all or nothing."

Rika cites perverse examples of such a regimen. Last week the military was finalising a $F11 million ($6.5 million) salary adjustment for soldiers, but the story was pulled by the censors - even though it was based on a media release issued by the military chief-of-staff. "The army obviously wanted people to know, but the censors didn't - because of downsizing and spending restrictions elsewhere in the civil service," Rika says.

A story on a boy who could not sit school exams on one of the northern islands, because a breakdown prevented his village boat from delivering the papers, suffered the same fate as it reflected on the education system.

Revealing a blacklist of Fijian figures who could not be quoted and, in some cases, whose image could not be published, Rika says: "If you are not onside with the administration, or you are seen as an enemy or undesirable, there is no way the censors will allow you to have a voice.''

But the censorship straitjacket is preferable to the regime's ''journalism of hope'' halfway house, he says. "What we can't risk is self-censorship. Do that and we'd be rearing a generation of journalists who would hesitate before writing - they'd be a pretty tame bunch by the time democracy returned.''

The Attorney-General, Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, issued a decree last week that observers say would empower the regime to bump television stations off air. He also said only two media outlets were the primary targets of censorship laws: The Fiji Times and Fiji TV, which competes with the government-owned Fiji Broadcasting Corporation - where Mr Sayed-Khaiyum's younger brother, Riyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, has been installed as chief executive.

Lambasting the Times for not reporting the regime's activities, he told the Herald: "So you can imagine what they were like before there was censorship. These two outlets didn't have independence in the first place" - Sydney Morning Herald

Tuesday, December 1, 2009

NZ PM played major role in keeping Fiji out

Fiji has been kept out of next year's Commonwealth Games in India after the Commonwealth leaders meeting in Trinidad and Tobago rejected an appeal for Fiji to take part.

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key has been outspoken against letting Fiji play in the Games.

Vidhya Lakhan, the president of Fiji's Association of Sport and National Olympic Committee told Radio Australia he's disappointed to see Key take a lead role in swaying the decision of the Commonwealth leaders.

According to Radio Australia, John Key lobbied the leaders including the Indian Prime Minister to secure the defeat of the bid.

Lakhan says he's surprised that John Key would "stoop that low" and go and secure the support of the Indian Prime Minister.

He told Radio Australia it's not clear yet which leaders supported Fiji's bid.

Lakhan says Fiji will now go to the court of arbitration for support.

Monday, November 30, 2009

Commonwealth leaders remain concerned about Fiji

Commonwealth leaders have expressed deep concern at the further deterioration of the situation in Fiji, at its meeting in Trinidad and Tobago.

In its final communique, the leaders say they're concerned at the abrogation of the Constitution; ongoing restrictions on human rights including freedom of speech and assembly, and the Interim Government's decision to further delay elections until 2014.

"Heads fully endorsed CMAG's call for the Interim Government of Fiji to commit itself to a credible, inclusive and time-bound political dialogue towards the restoration of constitutional civilian democracy without further delay, and for the protection of fundamental human rights, including the immediate rescission of the Public Emergency Regulation," the leaders said in its communique.

They reaffirmed their willingness to remain engaged with Fiji in support of any good faith efforts toward this end, in accordance with fundamental Commonwealth principles.

The Commonwealth leaders also noted the decision by the Commonwealth Games Federation to exclude Fiji from participation in the 2010 Commonwealth Games in New Delhi, as a consequence of Fiji's suspension from Commonwealth membership.

"In this context, Heads observed that Commonwealth sporting events represent a significant public demonstration of the unity of the Commonwealth as a family of members with a shared commitment to fundamental values."

They affirmed that sporting ties under the Commonwealth name are inseparable from the values of the association, and endorsed the position consistently taken by CMAG that those countries under full suspension from the Commonwealth should, inter alia, be ineligible to participate in Commonwealth sporting events.